- MongoDB—a popular cross-platform database written in C++.
- Express.js—a well-developed, lightweight server network primarily for creating single- and multi-page web apps. It offers template support using the Pug engine.
- Angular—an open source mobile and web application framework created by Google. It is especially useful for developing and testing applications.
- Node.js—a top-performing platform offering many features.
A common alternative to the MEAN stack is the MERN stack, which is the same except that React is used as the web framework instead of Angular.
Testing and reviewing code throughout the development process is critical to minimizing exploits. Test methodologies such as static application security testing (SAST) and dynamic application security testing (DAST) help identify JS vulnerabilities at various stages of the software development lifecycle (SDLC).
SAST inspects code to identify violations of security rules and compares the detected vulnerabilities between the target and source branches. It notifies the security team when a newly disclosed vulnerability affects a project dependency.
This architecture works by isolating front end components to enable fast responses and making changes on the fly. The separate components allow independent upgrades. Like microservices, a micro-front end is an entity that teams can deploy, upgrade, and monitor separately, making the overall application more resilient.
A component-based architecture divides applications into separate logical elements representing familiar interfaces (i.e., methods, events, properties). It makes components easier to reuse. Each component is a binary unit encapsulating functionality. Deployment is easier because teams can change specific components without overhauling the application.
This trend is popular because:
- Developers can use custom components to create independent HTML tags.
- Shadow DOM can encapsulate DOM subtrees to the web components.
- HTML templates allow developers to create markup fragments that don’t affect the page load at runtime.
A parallax website helps add depth and create customized user experiences. The background of a parallax website moves slower than the front content when scrolling down the page. The site identifies the positions of different elements and classifies them appropriately.
- Micro-front ends—breaks down front end applications into smaller, more manageable components in line with the microservices architecture.
- Component-based architectures—divides the application into logical elements that are easy to reuse.
- Parallax websites—building websites with a dynamic effect where the background moves slower than the content when scrolling down the page.