Business, Lifehacks, Tech

What Is Malware and How to Protect Yourself from Cybercrime

What Is a Malware Attack?

A malware attack is a type of cyber attack in which malicious software, also known as malware, is used to compromise a computer network or machine. Malware is designed to damage, disrupt, or gain unauthorized access to the target system. Malware comes in many different forms, including viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, and spyware.

Malware can be delivered to a computer or network in various ways, including via email attachments, downloads from the internet, or by exploiting vulnerabilities in software or hardware. Once it is delivered, the malware may install itself on the computer or network and begin performing its intended function, which could include damaging or deleting files, stealing data, or taking control of the system.

It is important to protect your devices and network from malware attacks by installing and regularly updating antivirus software, avoiding suspicious websites and emails, and keeping your software (especially the operating system) up to date with the latest security patches.

Why Do Hackers and Cybercriminals Use Malware?

Hackers infect multiple game developers with advanced malware

There are many reasons why hackers and cybercriminals may use malware in their attacks. Some of the most common motivations include:

  • Financial gain: Malware can be used to steal sensitive information, such as login credentials or financial data, which can be sold or used to commit financial fraud.
  • Disruption: Malware can be used to disrupt the normal operation of a computer or network, causing it to crash or become unusable. This can be done for the purpose of extortion (e.g., ransomware attacks) or simply to cause chaos and confusion.
  • Ideological or personal motivations: Some hackers may use malware for personal or ideological reasons, such as to protest against a particular organization or to spread a specific message.
  • Espionage: Malware can be used to gather intelligence or steal sensitive data, such as trade secrets, for the benefit of a rival company or government.

Regardless of the motivation, the use of malware allows hackers to carry out their attacks remotely and often anonymously, making it difficult for victims to defend against and track down the perpetrators.

How to Detect Malware

What to Do When You Find Malware on a Device

The best way to detect malware is to install a reputable, recognized anti-malware solution. However, even without an anti-malware scan, there are several common symptoms that can indicate the presence of malware on your device:

  • The device is slow: An apparent drop in device computing power can indicate that malware has hijacked your device’s processing resources.
  • Insufficient storage space available: Many forms of malware can reduce your device’s available storage space by installing additional files on your device.
  • Pop-ups and unwanted programs appearing on your device: This is one of the strongest signs that your device is infected.
  • Unexpected crashes: Some system crashes have root causes such as incompatible software or power issues. However, in some cases, they may be related to malware. If you know your computer is working fine, but the system still crashes, it may be infected with malware.
  • Ransom demand: A ransom demand on your computer screen is a sure sign that there is malware on your computer. Hackers use different types of ransomware to profit from your personal information.
  • Browser redirects: Not all redirects are dangerous, but some redirects can lead to potentially harmful websites. For example, hackers can create browser extensions designed to automatically redirect users to malware-infected sites.

How Can I Protect Myself From Malware?

Spyware Hunters Are Expanding Their Tool Set

Protect all devices

  • Keep your applications and operating system up to date. Attacks often look for vulnerabilities in outdated or unpatched software, so it is important to install updates immediately when they become available.
  • Do not click on links in pop-ups. Click the X in the top corner to close the message.
  • Limit the number of applications on your device. Install only the apps you need and will likely use frequently. Also, uninstall apps if you no longer use them.
  • Use a reputable anti-malware security solution, both on your desktop and mobile devices.
  • Do not lend or leave your phone unattended for any reason, and make sure you check your settings and applications. If default settings change or new applications appear different than usual, it may be a sign of spyware installed on the device.

Be careful online

  • Do not click on unknown links. If a link in an email, social networking site, or text message looks unfamiliar, avoid it.
  • Use only known and trusted websites. Consider using a safe browsing extension to avoid visiting potentially malicious sites without your knowledge.
  • Be wary of emails asking for personal information. If you receive an email that looks like it is from an organization like your workplace or the bank, do not provide any information over email—call the relevant contact person to check if it is a scam.
  • If you receive a message with a link to reset your password, log into a familiar site, etc., do not click the link. Go directly to the relevant website and log in—because hackers often create convincing fake versions of familiar websites.
  • Avoid websites that offer free software, because they could be infected with malware.

Pay attention to software purchases and downloads

  • Buy security software only from official websites or retail stores of reputable companies.
  • Stick to the official app store. Spyware can be found in official app stores, but is more common in obscure third-party stores that promote unofficial apps. 
  • When you download an app for a jailbroken or rooted device, you bypass built-in security measures and leave your device vulnerable to attack.
  • Only download apps you have thoroughly investigated. Read app reviews before downloading.
  • Do not open email attachments, even if they are from friends or acquaintances.


In conclusion, malware is a type of malicious software that is designed to damage, disrupt, or gain unauthorized access to a computer or network. It can be delivered through a variety of means, including email attachments, downloads from the internet, and by exploiting vulnerabilities in software or hardware. 

To protect yourself from malware and other cyber threats, it is important to install and regularly update antivirus software, keep your operating system and other software up to date with the latest security patches, and be cautious when browsing the internet. 

Other precautions you can take include using a firewall, using strong passwords, and being aware of unusual activity on your computer or network. By following these best practices, you can help protect yourself and your personal or business assets from cybercrime.

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