Every student is supposed to be able to prepare scientific reports if he studies at college and university. This academic assignment is more complicated than an essay. The latter is characterized with the simplified and informal structure and fluent course of writing. Most often, students do not have to improve their essays with any valid scientific facts. Most of them are reflective and descriptive. A scientific report is a solid and difficult paper. One should take efforts to compose a worthy and engrossing report on the chosen topic.
If you have troubles with writing a scientific report, you can rely on these 7 basic writing tips:
#1: Brainstorm the Best Topic for Your Report
When you plan to boast of your knowledge and professionalism, you should prepare a report about the topic you are good at. Thus, generate the most suitable subject for your analysis and make sure that your topic is authentic and fresh. Original scientific reports are always appreciated whereas no one likes reading out-of-date and irrelevant academic papers.
#2: Collect Information
You cannot compose a successful scientific report if you do not collect enough information about the topic under analysis. Go to the library and study the catalogue of the available sources related to your subject. Choose the right authors and use this credible information for the research of your problem. It is smart to use several sources written by different authors. It will make your paper look more versatile and objective.
#3: Invent a Sound Title, Abstract and Introduction
Feynman on Scientific Method. Great explanation and teacher.
When you have analyzed the topic profoundly, you ought to start writing your scientific report. Create a successful title in order to attract the reader’s attention to your report. Bear in mind that the title should be very short and captive. Avoid long titles inasmuch as no one remembers them. An abstract is a vital section that summarizes your entire report. It covers no more than 200 words and presents the most essential parts of your research. However, you cannot write an abstract before writing the whole scientific report. This section is written when you are through with its main chapters. An introduction is the primary weighty part of your paper. Introduce the main problem, aim and idea of your investigation. Touch upon its relevance and usefulness. Why have you chosen this very topic for research? What do you expect to achieve? Invent a good thesis statement that will characterize the objective of your scientific report. The thesis statement is the ‘heart’ of this paper.
#4: Present Your Methods
The most considerable part of every scientific report is its methodology. It is vital to describe the utilized methods and materials to provide the reader with the basic information about the credibility of your experiment or research. Moreover, methods are important to other scientists who want to repeat your experiment. In this case, you should provide them with the detailed presentation of the methodology of your actions. It is smart to use a step-by-step form to make it more understandable. In addition, you should explain the choice of your methods to the reader. Why have you chosen these very methods? Why are they better than others?
#5: Write about the Results of Your Research
Threats to Validity: What You Should Know to Interpret Research Findings
Another paramount section is the results chapter. Inform the reader about the results of your research but do not explain them. You can just enumerate the statistical results and other facts that form your findings. Place them logically into the right order. Every finding should be located in the separate paragraph. It is reasonable to organize this section using the past tense.
#6: Prepare Your Discussion Chapter
Feynman: Knowing versus Understanding
The discussion section of a scientific report should explain the results of your experiment and analyze their usefulness. In simple words, you discuss your research and prove that it is important to your discipline. Therefore, it is smart to explain the role of every method and every procedure conducted during the experiment. Remember that some readers do not understand the details of your methodology. Thus, try to write in the simplest way and interpret every step and action. What is more, you ought to present the discussion section chronologically. Explain your actions gradually and answer to the existing research questions clearly. Then, you should convince the reader in the significance of your experiment. Point at your core findings and say why they are so notable.
#7: Organize Your Reference List
A scientific report cannot be prepared without any citations and additional sources. When you research a topic, you read books, journals and encyclopedias searching for the required data. Doubtless, you borrow certain ideas and quotations of the credible authors. You should respect their intellectual property; therefore, it is important to cite every quotation and insert the used sources into the reference list. Show the books that have been used for writing. The more sources you have, the better scientific report you complete. If you have any materials that can be added to your report, insert them into the appendices section.
Otherwise, you can also get in touch with a custom writing service such as SmartWritingService which provides people with scientific report writing help online.